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Arienne M. Dwyer, Blenda Femenías, Lindsay Lloyd-Smith,
Kathryn Oths, and George H. Perry
Dwyer, Arienne M., Blenda Femenías, Lindsay Lloyd-Smith, Kathryn Oths, and George H. Perry. “General Principles and Practices of Digital Data Management.” In Bringing Digital Data Management Training into Methods Courses for Anthropology, edited by Blenda Femenías. Arlington, VA: American Anthropological Association, 2016.
© American Anthropological Association 2016
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Bringing Digital Data Management Training into Methods Courses for Anthropology is a set of five modules:
General Principles and Practices of Digital Data Management
Archaeology: Principles and Practices of Digital Data Management
Biological Anthropology: Principles and Practices of Digital Data Management
Cultural Anthropology: Principles and Practices of Digital Data Management
Linguistic Anthropology: Principles and Practices of Digital Data Management
Project support: National Science Foundation, Workshop Grant 1529315; Jeffrey Mantz, Program Director, Cultural Anthropology
The recorded factual materials that are commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings. These include:
A purposeful approach to data across the project lifecycle and beyond
Data management encompasses
[In-class exercise: Consult NSF data management web information]
Making data accessible
Anthropologists’ responsibilities prior to and during data collection, and decision-making about future access, include
Decision making about data collection includes careful consideration of appropriate reasons not to collect data, share data, or make data accessible.
Further discussion of such considerations is available in the American Anthropological Association’s Principles of Professional Responsibility (2012) and Handbook on Ethical Issues in Anthropology (1987).
[Outside-class exercise: Consult AAA Handbook on Ethical Issues]
For a given project or research program, the data management plan (DMP) documents the approach to data management across the project’s full lifecycle.
Look at the FAQs page of the National Science Foundation, identify key features of its approach to data management, and relate this approach to Anthropology.
Identify and discuss 3 items that you consider to be important aspects of this agency’s position on collecting and archiving of data. Choose your own FAQ or one of these from that webpage:
3. Am I required to deposit my data in a public database?
7. Does data management and access include supporting documentation and metadata, such as validation protocols, field notebooks, etc.?
10. What are NSF’s expectations regarding the release of data that include sensitive information (e.g., information about individuals or locations of endangered species)?
In the Introduction to the AAA Handbook on Ethical Issues in Anthropology, editors Joan Cassell and Sue-Ellen Jacobs present the subject of ethics in Anthropology as one having both philosophical and practical dimensions that become salient in ordinary situations. They state:
In the field especially, situations may be so complex, involve so many parties and so much factionalism, that it becomes difficult to decide what must be done.… [Having] a code of ethics can help improve anthropological practice… [and] heighten sensitivity to professional conduct. In this twofold approach, a code is concerned with aspirations as well as avoidances; it represents our desire and attempt to respect the rights of others, fulfill obligations, avoid harm, and augment benefits to those we interact with as anthropologists.
Cassell, Joan, and Sue-Ellen Jacobs, eds. Handbook on Ethical Issues in Anthropology. Special publication No. 23. Arlington, VA:American Anthropological Association, 1987. http://www.americananthro.org/LearnAndTeach/Content.aspx?ItemNumber=1942&navItemNumber=731
Cliggett, Lisa. Qualitative Data Archiving in the Digital Age: Strategies for Data Preservation and Sharing. The Qualitative Report 18 (2013): 1-11. http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR18/cliggett1.pdf
Jahnke, Lori M., and Andrew Asher. The Problem of Data: Data Management and Curation Practices among University Researchers. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2014. http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub154/problem-of-data
Levine, Melissa. “Policy, Practice and Law.” In DH Curation Guide: A Community Resource Guide to Data Curation in the Digital Humanities. 2016. https://guide.dhcuration.org/contents/policy-practice-and-law/
National Information Standards Organization. Understanding Metadata. Bethesda: NISO, 2004. http://niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf
Nicholas, George, Catherine Bell, Rosemary Coombe, John R. Welch, Brian Noble, Jane Anderson, Kelly Bannister, and Joe Watkins. “Intellectual Property Issues in Heritage Management. Part 2: Legal Dimensions, Ethical Considerations, and Collaborative Research Practices.” Journal of Heritage Management 3 (2010): 117-47. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2463899
Silverman, Sydel, and Nancy J. Parezo, eds. Preserving the Anthropological Record. New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, 1992.
Strasser, Carlyn. Research Data Management: A Primer Publication of the National Information Standards Organization. Bethesda: National Information Standards Organization, 2015. http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/download.php/15375/PrimerRDM-2015-0727.pdf
Van den Eynden, Veerla, and Libby Bishop. Incentives and Motivations for Sharing Research Data, a Researcher’s Perspective. A Knowledge Exchange Report. 2014. http://repository.jisc.ac.uk/5662/1/KE_report-incentives-for-sharing-researchdata.pdf
[logo] American Anthropological Association
Advancing Knowledge, Solving Human Problems
Modules: Writers, Arienne M. Dwyer, Blenda Femenías, Lindsay Lloyd-Smith, Kathryn Oths, George H. Perry; Editor, Blenda Femenías
Discussants: Workshop One, February 12, 2016: Andrew Asher, Candace Greene, Lori Jahnke, Jared Lyle, Stephanie Simms
Workshop Two, May 13, 2016: Phillip Cash Cash, Jenny Cashman, Ricardo B. Contreras, Sara Gonzalez, Candace Greene, Christine Mallinson, Ricky Punzalan, Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Darlene Smucny, Natalie Underberg-Goode, Fatimah Williams Castro, Amber Wutich
American Anthropological Association:
Executive Director, Edward Liebow
Project Manager, Blenda Femenías
Research Assistant, Brittany Mistretta
Executive Assistant, Dexter Allen
Professional Fellow, Daniel Ginsberg
Web Services Administrator, Vernon Horn
Director, Publishing, Janine Chiappa McKenna