Appendix C - Participate & Advocate
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Appendix C

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Table 1. Responses to Question 4: Birth place of Respondents by Ethnic Group

 

			American    Asian    Spanish-    Black

			 Indian              Speaking

Western US

  California                1         1          1         1

  Oklahoma                  1

  Oregon                              1

Central US

  Illinois                                       1         1

  Michigan                                                 1

  Ohio                                                     2

  South Dakota              1

Southern US

  Alabama                                                  2

  Kentucky                  1

  West Virginia                                            1

Eastern US

  Massachusetts                                            1

  New York                                       1         3

  Pennsylvania                                             2

Puerto Rico                                      1

Argentina                                        1

China                                 2

Costa Rica                                       1

India                                 1

Japan                                 2

Korea                                 1

Mexico                                           1

Nigeria                                                    1

Pakistan                              1

Spain                                            1

No answer                                                  1

  Total                     4         9          8        16

 


Table 2. Responses to Question 13a: Do you consider yourself to be a minority anthropologist?
 

 


American Asian Spanish- Black Indian Speaking Yes 1 5 5 13 In a mixed way 1 Depends on context 1 Depends on definition; like to be just anthropologist 1 Considered such by majority 1 No 1 2 But treated as one 1 Just an anthropologist (not minority anthr) 1 1 Clashes w/ego 1 Yes & No 1 Don't know what it means 1 Total 4 9 8 16

Table 3. Responses to the Question 13b: What term or phrase can best be used to refer to your ethnic background/

 

			American    Asian    Spanish-    Black

			 Indian              Speaking



American Indian             2

  White-Amer Indian         1

  Iroquois-Mohawk-

    American Indian         1

Chinese                               2

Japanese                              4

Korean                                1

Pakistani                             1

Oriya-Indian                          1

Black Puerto Rican                               1

Chicano                                          1

Latin American                                   2

Mexican (Mexico)                                 1

Portuguese                                       1

Spanish, Mexican (Mexico)                        1

Half-Spanish                                     1

Black                                                      13

Black (African)                                             1

Black, Afro-American                                        1

Culture = American

  (Alabama Hillbilly)                                       1

  Total                     4         9          8         16

Table 4. Responses to the Question 13c: What term or phrase can best be used inclusively to refer to a wider ethnic or minority category with which you identify?

 

			American    Asian    Spanish-    Black

			 Indian              Speaking



Non-White                   1

American Indian             1

White-American Indian       1

Non-Euro American-

  Third World               1

Asian                                 7

Asian to a limited extent             1

European, Latin American,

  Foreign born, alien                            1

Latin American                                   1

Non-White, Black-

  Third World                                    1

White                                            1

Mexican                                          1

Mexican of Mexico,

  white of recent

  European stock                                 1

"Other"                                          2

African                                                    3

American                                                   1

Third World                                                1

Afro-American                                              1

No Answer                                                  2

Statement                                                  2

  Total                     4         9          8        16



Table 5. Responses to Question 12a: Which language was spoken in your home when you were a child?

 

			American    Asian    Spanish-    Black

			 Indian              Speaking



English                     1                              14

Chinese                               2

Japanese                              3

Portuguese                                       1

Spanish                                          3

Oriya                                 1

English-Spanish                                  3          1

Igbo-Eyik                                                   1

English-Cherokee            1

English-Japanese                      1

Japanese-Korean                       1

Spanish-French                                   1

Dakota-English-French       1

French-Enalish-Mohawk       1

Urdu-Panjabi-English                  1

  Total                     4         9          8         16



Table 6. Responses to the Question 12b: Which languages are spoken in your home now?

 

			American    Asian    Spanish-    Black

			 Indian              Speaking



English                     1         5          1         13

French                                1

Spanish                                          1

Oriya                                 1

English-Spanish                                  5

English-Chinese                       1

English-Japanese                      1

English-Dakota              1

English-Portuguese                               1

English-Taniana             1

English-Malay                                               1

English-Mohawk              1

English-Igbo                                                1

English-Spanish-Portuguese                                  1

  Total                     4         9          8         16

Table 7. Responses to Question 29: Please Comment on the Questionnaire (multiple answers were scored)

 

		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

		 Indian              Speaking



No answer           1         4         1          2        8

Positive comments

  Approval                    1         1          5        7

  Other positive reaction               1                   1

Neutral comments

  Call for discussion

   and/or interviews          2                    2        4

Negative comments

  Questions cited as too:

   long             1         1         2          1        5

   broad                      2                             2

   hard             2                              1        3

   complicated or

    involved                  1                             1

  Other negative comments               5          5       10

Other

  Other miscellaneous

  comment (neither

  positive nor

  negative)         2         2         1          1        6



Total               6        13        10         18       47

Table 8. Responses to Question 28: Further study: Would you agree to participate in a follow-up interview in order to facilitate the work of the committee? Yes, No

 

		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

		 Indian              Speaking



No Answer                               1

Yes                 4         9         7         13        33

Qualified yes                                      2         2

No                                                 1         1

  Total             4         9         8         16        37



Table 9. Responses to Question 20: How do you feel about anthropology?

 

		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

		 Indian              Speaking



No answer                     3         3          1         7

Positive statement            2         3          6        11

Qualified positive

  statement         2         2         1          2         7

Neutral statement                                  1         1

Qualified negative

  statement         2                              2         4

Negative statement            2         1          4         7



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 10. Responses to Question 20: Reasons for positive feelings (Multiple answers were scored)

 

		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

		 Indian              Speaking



Does not apply                2         1          4         7

No answer           1         5         4          5        15

Discipline is

 personally satisfying

 rewarding, exciting

 or interesting     1                   1          3         5

Best of the

 social sciences              1         2                    3

Increases understanding

 of self and/or

 others             1                              1         2

Cross-cultural

 perspective        1         1                              2

Other               1         1         2          4         8



Total               5         9        10         18        41

Table 11. Responses to Question 20: Reasons for negative feelings (Multiple answers were scored)

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Does not apply                2         3          6        11

No answer                     3         3          4        10

Discipline is

 ethnocentric                 2         1          2         5

Discipline and/or

 its practitioners

 are racists or

 intolerant         1         1                    4         6

Exploits "natives"  2         1                    1         4

Needs to develop

 Third World

 anthropologists

 or be of use to

 the Third World              2                    1         3

Needs to explain

 to the layman better         1         1                    2

Not applied enough            2         1                    3

Amoral              2                                        2

Other               1         1                    2         4



Total               6        15         9         20        50

Table 12. Responses to Question 27: Knowing what you know now, if you were starting a career would you become an anthropologist? Why or why not?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



No answer                     1         1          1         3

Yes                 2         7         5         11        25

Yes, but would

 also consider

 another field      1                              1         2

Other qualified

 yes                          1                              1

No                  1                   2          3         6



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 13. Response to Question 27: Reasons for becoming or remaining an anthropologist (Multiple answers were scored)

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Does not apply      1         1         2          3         7

No answer           1         3         3          5        12

Personal

 satisfactions      2         1         2          1         6

Understanding

 self and others              1         1          1         3

Other               1         3                    6        10



Total               5         9         8         16        38

Table 14. Responses to Question 27: Reasons for not becoming or remaining an anthropologist

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Does not apply      3         8         5         11        27

No answer or

 explanation                  1         1          1         2

Applied focus is

 too weak; hard to

 be of use                              1          1         2

Other               1                   1          3         5



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 15. Responses to Question 16: It has been said that the intellectual contributions of minority anthropologists are not given the same consideration as those of non-minority anthropologists. For example, the writings of minority anthropologists are often not reviewed in professional journals, not quoted or cited, and seldom used as required readings. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? If you agree, can you think of examples? If you disagree, please comment.

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Agreed              2         5         2          9        18

Disagreed           1         4         3                    8

Unclear             1                   3          7        11



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 16. Responses to Question 16: Source of respondent's data supporting response

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Experienced

 personally                   1         1          1         3

Perceived general

 trend              1         4         3          2        10

Seen in others'

 experience, but

 not in own                                        4         4

Personal experience

 and perceived

 general trend*     1         1                              2

Neither experience

 nor general trend  1         2         1          2         6

No data possessed

 (or no answer

  given)            1         1         3          7        12



Total               4         9         8         16        37



*This category is marked only when the respondent explicitly alludes

to both a perceived general trend in Anthropology and to incidents

in his own experience. For practical purposes this category can be

collapsed over the first two in this table.

Table 17. Responses to Question 18: Some minority anthropologists say that in contrast to non-minority anthropologists they have been utilized in the following ways: fieldworker and interviewer; liaison to a minority, ethnic or cultural group; "cultural broker-interpreter" for majority member anthropologists; informant. Does your experience, both as a student and professional anthropologist now, bear out this assertion? If so, please tell us about it. If you disagree, please comment.

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Agreed              3         7         6         10        26

Disagreed           1         1         1          5         8

Unclear                       1         1          1         3



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 18. Responses to Question 18: Source of respondent's data supporting response

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Experienced

 personally         3         4         3          9        19

Perceived general

 trend                        2         1          1         4

Seen in others'

 experience, but

 not in own         1                   1          1         3

Personal experience

 and perceived

 general trend*               2                              2

Neither experience

 nor general trend                      1          4         5

No data possessed

 (or no answer

  given)                      1         2          1         4



Total               4         9         8         16        37



*This category is marked only when the respondent explicitly alludes

to both a perceived general trend in Anthropology and to incidents

in his own experience. For practical purposes this category can be

collapsed over the first two in this table.

Table 19. Responses to Question 18: Roles played by minority member anthropologists*

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking





Fieldworker

 and interpreter              2                    2         4

Liaison to

 minority group                                    2         2

Cultural broker

 and interpreter              1         2          4         7

Informant                     1                    1         2

All roles

 mentioned          3         3         1          1         8

None of the

 roles mentioned    1         1         1          5         8

No data or

 answer given                 1         2          1         4

General agreement

 (without specific

  allusion)                             2                    2



Total               4         9         8         16        37



*Several respondents mentioned two or more of the roles (but not all).

These respondents were entered in the "All roles mentioned" category.

Table 20. Responses to Question 19: It has also been asserted that minority anthropologists have been excluded from making theoretical formulations, interpretations of research findings, and policy decisions. Does your experience both as a student and a professional anthropologist bear out this assertion? If so, please tell us about it. If not, please comment.

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Agreed              3         6         2          6        17

Disagreed           1         2         3          6        12

Unclear                       1         3          4         8



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 21. Responses to Question 19: Source of respondent's data supporting response

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Experienced

 personally         2                   1          5         8

Perceived general

 trend                        3                    1         4

Seen in others'

 experience, but

 not in own         1                   1          1         3

Personal experience

 and perceived

 general trend*               2                              2

Neither experience

 nor general trend  1         1         1          3         6

No data possessed

 (or no answer

  given)                      3         5          6        14



Total               4         9         8         16        37



*This category is marked only when the respondent explicitly alludes

to both a perceived general trend in Anthropology and to incidents

in his own experience. For practical purposes this category can be

collapsed over the first two in this table.

Table 22. Responses to Question 14: Do you feel that your experiences have differed in anthropology either positively or negatively from those of non-minority anthropologists?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Yes                 3         8         5          7        23

No                            1         1          1         3

Unclear             1                              6         7

No Response                             2          2         4



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 23. Responses to Question 14: The nature of the response

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Negative            2         5                    4        11

Positive                                1          3         4

Both positive

 and negative       1         1                    2         4

Unclear                       1         4          3         8

No answer           1         2         3          4        10



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 24. Responses to Question 17: Do you feel that you have been discriminated career because of race, color, or creed?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Yes                 3         6         1          6        16

No                            2         4          6        12

Unclear             1         1         2          4         8

No answer                               1                    1



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 25. Responses to Question 15: Were your experiences as a student different from those of non-minority students? If so, please tell us in what ways.

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Yes                 3         5         3         10        21

No                  1         4         2          1         8

Unclear                                 1          5         6

No answer                               2                    2



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 26. Responses to Question 15: The nature of the responses

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Negative            1         3         1          6        11

Both positive

 and negative                                      1         1

Unclear             1         1         1          1         4

No answer           2         5         6          8        21



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 27. Responses to Question 24: Do you advise minority students to enter anthropology? Why or why not?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Does not apply                                     1         1

Strongly advise     1         1                              2

Advise                        6         3         12        21

Advise with

 reservations       1                                        1

Neutral                       1         3                    4

Do not advise       1         1         1          3*        6

Generally not       1                                        1

No answer                               1                    1



Total               4         9         8         16        37



*Two of these advise students to take necessarily to major in it or

pursue graduate studies in it.

Table 28. Responses to Question 24: Reasons for advising minority students to enter anthropology (Multiple answers were scored)

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Benefit anthropology          5         1          7        13

Offers more to

 student (ie,

 jobs, less

 prejudice, etc.)   1         1         1          4         7

Deepen under-

 standing of one's

 own ethnic group             3                              3

Provides techniques

 for problem

 solving            2         1         1                    4

No answer                     1         2          2         5

Does not apply                                     1         1

Other                         1                    1         2



Total               3        12         5         15        35

Table 29. Responses to Question 24: Reasons for not advising minority students to enter anthropology or for doing so with reservations (Multiple answers scored)

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Few opportunities                       1                    1

Psychic difficulties                               1         1

Disillusionment

 with limitations   1         1         1                    3

No reason given     1                   1          2         4

Advise according to

 interest, disregarding

 minority status                        4                    4



Total               2         1         7          3        13

Table 30. Responses to Question 25: Can you suggest ways in which anthropology can be made more relevant for minority students? (Multiple answers were scored)

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



No problem of

 relevancy                    1         2                    3

Use for self-

 identity           2                   1          4         7

Emphasize applied

 and change theory  2                   2          3         7

Emphasize American

 culture                      2                    2         4

Minority studies of

 own and other groups         2         1                    3

Use minority examples         3         1                    4

More funding for

 minorities                                        5         5

Combat racism       1         1                    2         4

Less elitism--more

 control by people

 studied            2         1                    1         4

More anthropology in

 lower grades       1         1         1                    3

Other                         2         3          2         7

No answer           1         2         2          4         9



Total               9        15        13         23        60

Table 31. Responses to Question 26: Can you give an estimate of the number of students of minority background at your university or institution who are interested in anthropology? Undergraduate? Graduate?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Undergraduates

Don't know 1 4 5 No answer 2 1 2 5 Not applicable 1 1 2 4 "Many" 2 2 Misunderstood* 1 1 None 1 1 2 1-5 2 4 2 2 10 6-10 1 2 1 4 over 10 1 2 3 Graduates

Don't know 2 2 No answer 4 4 2 10 Not applicable 1 1 3 5 Misunderstood* 1 1 "Quite a few" 1 1 None 2 3 5 1-5 3 1 6 10 6-10 1 1 1 3 over 10 1 1 *Apparently gave estimate of total number of all students in anthropology.

Table 32. Responses to Question 21: Do you feel that anthropological studies in the past have rendered service or disservice to minority groups in American society? Please include specific examples you may know of in your answer.

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Rendered service              3                     2       4

Rendered

 disservice         1         3         1          10      15

Both service and

 disservice         3         3         1           3      10

Don't know                              2           1       3

No Answer                               4                   4



Total               4         9         8          16      37

Table 33. Responses to Question 22a: How do you assess the research which has been conducted on your minority group?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Good                1                              2        3

Bad                 1                              5        6

Both                2         1         1                   4

Unfamiliar with

 group                        1                             1

No significant

 work                         4         1          5       10

No answer                     3         6          4       13



Total               4         9         8         16       37

Table 34. Responses to Question 22b: Do you think such work can be improved?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Yes                 2         4         4          6        16

No answer           2         5         1         10        18

No such research

 exists                                 3                    3



Total               4         9         8         16        37

Table 35. Responses to Question 23: Can you suggest ways in which anthropology can be used to serve the needs of minority groups in the United States?

 

       		American    Asian    Spanish-    Black    Total

        	 Indian              Speaking



Response given      4         7         4         15        30

No comment                              1          1         2

No response                   2         3                    5



Total               4         9         8         16        37


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