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Anthropology is known as a holistic science, incorporating the knowledge and skills of fields as diverse as language arts, biology, chemistry, history, economics, visual and performing arts, statistics, psychology, epidemiology, and more. As the "most scientific of the humanities and the most humanistic of the sciences," anthropology offers an eclectic toolbox of qualitative and quantitative research methods. Anthropologists are trained to combine insightful powers of observation, compelling forms of expression, and scientific verification of their theories to illuminate complex relationships between culture and nature.
We properly challenge one another's explanations for why Hindus don't eat their cattle and why, in some cultures, mothers are more likely than fathers are to abuse their children. That's how knowledge grows. Whatever our theories, though, all of us need data on which to test those theories. The methods for collecting and analyzing data belong to all of us.
- H. Russell Bernard, Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
In support of the many and varied methods employed by anthropologists of all stripes, AAA provides links to articles or videos of research methods commonly used by anthropologists. We welcome further suggestions of content or links to include in these pages. Send all comments and recommended content to Daniel Ginsberg.
Please be advised the AAA is not responsible for either these websites or the information they provide but merely supplies the information as a service to the anthropological community.
This link from the Occupational Outlook Handbook (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics) offers a useful breakdown of the fields in which anthropologists are often employed, as well as the skill sets required for each career. The Listening Resource offers a collection of free downloads on qualitative methods guides, including how to conduct focus groups, coding qualitative data, and information rich sampling.
The QualQuant Methods Mall is a one-stop shop for NSF-sponsored training opportunities in research methods for cultural anthropologists. This website aims to help researchers choose the right tools, emphasizing the integration and complementary applications of qualitative and quantitative data and analysis.
|Designing a Research Question||
|Research Quality: Reliability, Validity, Generalization||Research Quality: The Quality of Qualitative Research|
|Research Quality: The Process of Research||The Practicalities and Ethics of Social Research|
Data Collection Methods
Cultural and linguistic anthropology
|Gabriela Pérez Báez, Curator of Linguistics||Aspects of Archaeology: Thermoluminescence Dating|
|Dene-Yenesieian Workshop 2012 using NeighborNet and Bayesian analysis||Aspects of Archaeology: Pottery|
|Aspects of Archaeology: The Three (and a bit) Age System|
|Ethnography and Participant Observation Part 1: Ethnography||Aspects of Archaeology: Cognitive Archaeology|
|Ethnography and Participant Observation Part 2: Participant Observation||Aspects of Archaeology: Amino Acid Racemization|
|What is ethnography?||Aspects of Archaeology: Conservation|
|Representing Identities Part 1: Method||Aspects of Archaeology: Palimpsest|
|Aspects of Archaeology: G.I.S.|
|My Best Advice for Conducting User Interviews||Aspects of Archaeology: Archaeological Illustration|
|How to Conduct Yourself While Conducting Interviews||Introduction to Dendochronology|
|What is Sensitive Interviewing?||An Introduction to Carbon Dating in Archaeology|
|Archaeomagnetic dating with Mark Noel and Trent & Peak Archaeology|
|How to do a research interview||
|Research Interviewing Part 1: Interviews and the Interview Society||The Science and Art of the Facial Reconstruction Process|
|Forensic Anthropology: Determination of Biological Sex|
|Surveys and Sampling Part 1: Social Surveys||Forensic Anthropology: Concept of "Race"|
|Surveys and Sampling part 2: Sampling||Forensic Anthropology: 3D ID Hands-On|
|Visit the National Forensic Science and Technology Center for an exhaustive collection of hundreds of forensics methodology videos.|
|Data Analysis Resources|
Mixed method analysis
|Considering Content Analysis||Use Qualitative Data to Understand Quantitative Data|
|Grounded Theory: Open Coding||
Social network analysis
|Coding: Alan Bryman's 4 Stages of Qualitative Analysis||An Intro to Social Network Analysis|
|Coding Qualitative Data||What is Social Network Analysis?|
|Blog Analysis||Social Network Analysis Using Qualitative Methods|
|Peer Network Presentation|
|Types of Data: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval/Ratio||They Rule (a fun tool for exploring network analysis)(http://www.thescreamonline.com/commentary/comment4-3/theyrule/theyrule.html)|
|Choosing Which Statistical Test to Use||Qualitative Comparative Analysis|
|State Stats from CQ Press provides comprehensive data coverage of each state including health care, crime, education and more. When you find data you're interested in explore it using the mapping and graphing tools, compare it with other data sets, or export it to Excel.
View a State Stats Tutorial.
|Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System - the primary source for data on colleges, universities, and technical and vocational postsecondary institutions in the United States|
|Data Analysis Tools|
|Working with MAXQDA-1: Getting Started||UCINET Starter Demo|
|Working with MAXQDA-2: Importing and Organizing Text||NVivo|
|Working with MAXQDA-3: Attributes||NVivo 9 Tutorial: Work with interviews, articles and other documents|
|Working with MAXQDA-4: Coding||ATLAS.ti|
|Dedoose||Introduction to ATLAS.ti:A Demonstration Webinar|
|Dedoose Video Tutorial 1: Qualitative & Mixed Methods Research using Dedoose||ATLAS.ti Training Center|